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Medical Terms


Your guide to common medical terms in personal injury cases


Back and Neck Injuries

Back and neck injuries are frequently caused by motor vehicle incidents, or by work related accidents or by slip and fall injuries. If the injury happens on a job site this should be covered by workmen’s compensation, if it happens outside of work, the victim will need to file a personal injury claim.


Braces and Orthotics

Braces and orthotics are devices used to keep bones stable and stress free while the bones are healing. They are typically used on the outside of the body. They also help to reduce pain.



Dislocations happen when two or more components of joint are torn apart or otherwise moved by an outside force. In the case of an accident, an abrupt stop can often be the cause of dislocated spine vertebrate, dislocated shoulders or dislocated hips, and sometimes even dislocated arm and hand joints. Dislocations often require surgery or at a minimum, a brace.



Fracture-Dislocations involve a situation where the vertebra are both fractured and dislocated at the same time. Injuries of this nature are considered very severe and painful, and typically will require an operation.


Herniated Discs

Herniated discs are injuries to the discs that separate the bones of the spine. Most often caused by motor vehicle accidents or work-related accidents, these painful injuries can lead to debilitation and loss of movement. They will often require long hours of rehabilitation and expensive medical costs.


Instrumentation and Fusion

Instrumentation and fusion are types of medical procedures to help heal “unstable fractures.” Bones are held together by metal plates, rods, hooks, screws or some other device. The Process of the bones bonding together is called “fusion.” The procedure usually takes many months to complete.



Paralysis is the total loss of movement in patient’s extremities such as arms or legs which leaves a person unable to move on his/her own. While this is rare from any accident or negligence, it does happen.


Spinal Fractures

Spinal fractures can cause mild muscle strain or an injury that is traumatic or even paralyzing. The result of these injuries can include tearing of the spinal cord, squeezing or compression. This leads to pain, loss of movement and will often need surgery or orthotic devices to heal the injury.


Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty

Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are two procedures that are invasive (meaning the body must be opened) and are used to treat compression fractures. Vertobroplasty involves the use of bone cement, while kyphoplasty uses a balloon that is inserted in the damaged vertebra and then inflated. While healing, the bone should return to its near normal state.


Contact a lawyer in Mississauga today to learn more

If you or a loved one was injured due to negligence, you will need an experienced lawyer to help you pursue compensation. Contact 1 (800) 793-3903 today for your free consultation. Let us put our legal skills and resources to work for you.

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